Basil Essential Oil
Botanical binomial: Ocimum basilicum
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Other names: Sweet basil
Country of Origin: India
Part of plant used in production: Flowering top and leaf
Methods of production: Steam Distillation
Description: A tender annual herb with dark green, ovate leaves and a powerful aromatic scent.
Characteristics: A colourless to pale yellow essential oil with a pleasantly sweet, refreshingly herbaceous odour.
Properties: Analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cephalic, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, nervine, sudoforic.
Constituents: Linalool, methyl chavicol and small amounts of eugenol, limonene and citronellol.
Uses: Basil oil is said to stimulate the mind, giving it strength and clarity. It is good for the respiratory system, for the relief of sinus congestion, asthma, bronchitis, influenza, and whooping coughs. It supports the bodies yang energy.
In Ayurvedic medicine, basil opens the heart and mind, bestowing the energy of love and devotion.
Safety: Avoid use during pregnancy. For external use only. Should be diluted (to 4%) prior to skin application. Avoid contact with eyes and mouth. May cause skin irritation for some individuals, a skin patch test is recommended prior to use.